(Télécharger) Tarikh el-Fettach ou Chronique du chercheur: documents arabes relatifs à l'histoire du Soudan pdf de Mahmoûd Kati ibn al Hadj al-Motawakkil. Gratuit Tarikh el-Fettach ou Chronique du chercheur: documents arabes relatifs à l'histoire du Soudan PDF. Télécharger. Aimez-vous lire des livres? Le Tarikh el-fettach, ou chronique du chercheur pour servir à l'histoire des villes, des armées et des principaux personnages du Tekkrour, est un texte arabe.

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Ce quart de siècle constitue le moment du plus grand équilibre économique, politique et social du Mali. Des pêcheurs […] avertirent El Hadj Moussa Bakayoko. Les provinces sont administrées chacune par un gouverneur ou fari qui surveille les chefs locaux ou koy. The Kamara called themselves Dion-Mande, i. Nothing is known about the mosque and its Imams in the interval from to , only that it was restored in by cadi el-Aqib. Leur rutilisation s'inscrit dans le cadre de la loi n du 17 juillet : - La rutilisation non commerciale de ces contenus est libre et gratuite dans le respect de la lgislation en vigueur et notamment du maintien de la mention de source. On cite un Kamarhaté, mort et enterré à Tombouctou, qui aurait fait le pèlerinage de la Mecque.

Noté /5. Retrouvez Tarikh el-Fettach ou Chronique du chercheur: documents arabes relatifs à l'histoire du Soudan et des millions de livres en stock sur. Houdas et M. Delafosse. Attachments: File, Description, File size. Download this file . "Tarikh el-Fettach" ou Chronique du chercheur: documents arabes relatifs à l'​histoire du Soudan / par Mahmoud Kâti ben El-Hadj.

Il crée une armée de métier sous les ordres du dyna koy. Les provinces sont administrées chacune par un gouverneur ou fari qui surveille les chefs locaux ou koy. Les royaumes vassaux payaient un tribut. Pour éviter les fraudes, les poids et les mesures étaient uniformisés. Les causes Elles sont à la fois internes et externes. Les royaumes vassaux comme le Trékour, se révoltèrent et devinrent indépendants.

Puis ils occupent Gao la capitale, Tombouctou. Les conséquences. PDF k Signaler ce document 1The present study of the Baghayogho 1 family covers a particular aspect of the Mande diaspora namely the history of a particular family involved as agent for the expansion of Islam in West Africa 2.


I became interested in the Baghayogho family and its diaspora in West Africa through their last representatives in Timbuktu. In writing the history of this particular family I would like to establish a model dyamou—history—and plan to follow up with others.

tarikh el fettach

Third, as the Baghayogho are closely tied to the propagation of Islam in West Africa, I aim to demonstrate their strategy. This led to a first wave of conviction or conversion of chiefs 4.

Beginnings 2The African gold trade was well established as the southern link of a chain whose northern link were the salt caravans, described by V. The Azelaï or Idelaï left Timbuktu for Teghaza and later Taodenni, and returned with camels laden with salt plates which were shipped to Djenné to be exchanged for gold brought from the mines in the south by Wangara merchants.

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Ibn Battuta mentions a group of black merchants, called Wanjarata, ten days south from Oualata 6. It quotes Demir el Yakoub who claims the Songhay, Wakore and Wangara to be descendants of a certain Taras ben Haroun from Yemen, who died and left his sons in the hands of their uncle.


They emigrated, and the elder son, Ouakoré-ben-Taras, became ancestor of the Wakore, while the second, Songai-ben-Taras, became ancestor of the Songhay, and the youngest son called Ouangara-ben-Taras became ancestor of the Wangara, while one of his slave-girls called Meinga became the ancestor of the Maïga, the Songhay royal clan 7.

They were among the most powerful kings. They were a white race but we ignore where they trace their origin. But as for their subjects, they were Wakore. When in the Askia Daoud made an expedition into the Ouagadou, he captured the cattle and the Zendj 9 , who spoke Wankore and took them to Gao Houdas With his brother he had been a hostage at the court of Mali where they had been raised until their adulthood The circumstances of the rise of Sonni are unclear but could be seen in the context of insecurity in the northern provinces of Mali, threatened by the Mossi and Touareg.

Mali was no longer able to defend these provinces, and the rich merchant communities looked elsewhere for help. It is likely that Timbuktu called on Sonni Ali in order to get rid of the Touareg, as its sheikh Mohammed Naddi offered to surrender the city.

The Touareg caused desolation everywhere. Sultan Akil forbade the inhabitants of Timbuktu to pay their customary dues to the Timbuktu-Koï. The authority of the Touareg had never extended beyond the River. The Timbuktu-Koï promptly sent boats across to allow the cavalry to cross the river. Touareg Sonni Ali persecuted the ulema religious leaders of Sankoré probably for religious reasons 12 and most of them fled to Biro, the commercial section of Oualata.

Omar was later reinstated because Sonni Ali fell out with Mokhtar and imprisoned him around , and Omar had been active in pursuing the Mossi and recovering most of the prisoners July-August It was Ismail who liberated his father in , ten years after being overthrown and blinded by his son Musa.

Omar b. Mohammed b. This I believe to be the shrine where the Bozo had buried Ta Jenepco, a Bozo virgin sacrificed in order to prevent the new Djenné from attacks by evil spirits The location of Bitou is somewhat in doubt: Wilks believes it to be Bitugu or Bigo, the Diula merchant settlement preceding Bondoukou, and marking for the Tarikh es-Sudan the southern limit of Mali Houdas , but the name could also refer to Biro-Oualata Even in the Djenné-koïs still adhered to kharedjite doctrine Mohammed Sanou appears to be the grandfather or father of Mahmoud Baghayogho, the third cadi, and Benba Bamba?

His son Musa usurped power in but was assassinated in , and Mohammed Bonkano, nephew of Mohammed Askia followed him but was himself overthrown in and succeeded by Ismail.

'Tarikh El-Fettach' Ou Chronique Du [...]Mah Moûd K Ti Bpt6k5439466q

He ended the imprisonment of his father but died unfortunately early in By the time of his arrival the chief of Djenné and his subjects had assembled the inhabitants and the legal scholars, and called Mahmoud who ignored the cause of the meeting. God may disturb his existence and send him reasons for worries.

When they travelled to Gao, they were received by Ahmed b. Said, descendant of the cadi Mahmoud b.

Tarikhs soudanais

Aquit and teacher of Mohammed the father in law of Ahmed Baba. The Baghayogho in Timbuktu 18Sometime in the s Mohammed made the pilgrimage to Mecca with his maternal uncle.

It is not known whether he ever returned to Djenné, but we find him installed in Timbuktu with his brother Ahmed in , when Askia al Hajj succeeded his father Daoud, killed at Tondibi.

It seems that at this time, Mohammed became Imam of the Sidi Yahya mosque, which office the Baghayogho have held to the present day The Sidi Yahya mosque is probably the oldest Timbuktu mosque, built around 33 , and has special significance: when the Touareg under their leader Akil took control of Timbuktu in 34 , they gave the chieftaincy to Mohammed Naddi, a Senhaja from Chinguetti 35 who built the mosque, which was named after him, but then entrusted the imamate to his companion Sidi Yahya, who was venerated like a saint ever afterwards Nothing is known about the mosque and its Imams in the interval from to , only that it was restored in by cadi el-Aqib.

The reason for the association of the Baghayogho with this mosque seems to lie in their Wankore origins, and their alliance with the Aqit family from Chinguetti. The winner, the balama Sadiq, gained the universal support of merchants and ulema and returned from Gao. He undertook a campaign into the land of the Mossi who were raiding the Songhay hinterland, but was assassinated in in Bilanga in the Gourma The pasha Mahmoud pursued the remains of the Songhay army into the Gourma— where the Dendi Farin Nouhou withdrew and established an independent Songhay chiefdom In the pasha returned to Timbuktu to punish it for its alleged support of Askia Nouhou He sent the caid Mami to Timbuktu to suppress a revolt, which may have been led by the loyal Aqit judges.

The caid Mami who was to punish the town arrived at night […] which the population spent in fear without closing an eye, expecting a disaster. The caid entered the fort this same night when he was received by the caid el-Mustafa […] Yet, after the first prayer of the afternoon, the legal consultant and cadi Omar had the honourables of the town summoned, who answered and all went to him, including the jurist Mohammed Baghayogho.

At the time when they had been made prisoners, two men from the tribe of Wangara […] refused to have the rope placed around their neck, and one of them slapped one of the Moroccan soldiers; the latter drew his sabre and hit him; but the brother of the first Wangara took the sabre off his hands and hit him in return.

This was the occasion for a massacre. Baghayogho and his family were spared because of their association with a Moroccan saint, and the mosque was saved from destruction by the army.

Tarikh el-fettach — Wikipédia

He died Friday 19 Shawwal October , his brother Ahmed having preceded him in He himself died in Below we will see that a Mustafa is credited to be the first Imam of Mossi in Mohammed Bagayogo b.

Ahmed b. Imam Moh. Imam Ishaq Ibrahim b. Abdallah b.


Ahmed Tagh b. Ibrahim b. Thus we can represent the first seven generations of the Baghayogho clan in a diagram: Fig. Hadj Ahmed b. Alfa Ahmed Bagnio b.

Ahmad Bagnio 49 b.

Mohammed ben al-Fa Wangara, called Banyon, born toward and alive at the end of the First World War, is mentioned by Marty as Wakore of Kong origins, belonging to the Tidiania sect of the zaouia of Fez Marty , t. II: He seems to be the grandfather of Hasseye Mahmoud B. In Search of Origins 34When looking for the last Wangara in Djenné, Seriba Touré of the Sankoré quarter tried to convince me that the Wakore were Arabs, but Ba Hasseye Maiga, the chief of the Songhay quarter of Djenné insisted they were merchants of Soninke origin and still represented by certain families in Konofia quarter—still today called Wangarakunda.

And that some lived in the Bajinde quarter of Timbuktu, also called Wangarakunda, next to Djamaikunda, quarter of the blacksmiths, behind the Sidi Yahya mosque. Therefore, I visited Timbuktu in early and looked for the guardian of the Sidi Yahya mosque and was introduced to Hasseye Mahmoud Baghayogho.